Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential Complexes Case Study Erbil
Case Study Erbil
This paper studies the concept of Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential complexes. It's defined it as (an environment that posses number of design and social characteristics, such as safety, vitality, connected and accessible. Also interesting, comfortable, through good design of pedestrian axes, mixed use and sustainable transportation. The research problem is that (there is a knowledge gap about the characteristics of this environment, and its treatment in residential complexes locally .The research hypothesis is that (The Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential complexes materialized through, planning dimensions, design and environmental characteristics and treatments). The paper found that the aim of pedestrian friendly environment is to improve the body activities, increase the quality of space and the social interaction, materialized the sustainable transportation. The planning dimensions were the intense mixed use, and the design of pedestrian axes. The main design characteristics were accessibility, vitality, permeability and safety. And finally providing shads as environmental treatment.
-Abramson ,E, 2006,City of Louisville, Institute of Public Administration ,Kentuck, USA 1
- Burden, D. & Lit man, T. 2011, America needs complete streets, ITE Journal, 81(4),USA
-Cambra,P,2012, Pedestrian Accessibility and Attractiveness Indicators for Walkability Assessment, Institute Superior Tecninco, Lisboan.
-Davies, 2000, Operational Definitions of Walk able Neighborhood, Theoretical and Empirical Insight, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol.3 , Malaysia.
-Department of Urban Planning /Erbil (Qisim Al- Takhtit Al- Omrani/ Erbil) [Arabic].
-Fraizer, 2002, Getting to Smart Growth, International City/County Management Association, USA.
-Julio A. Soria-Lara ,2009, Pedestrian Mobility Environment, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Ruben Talavera-Garcia University of Granada.
-Kemp, 2011, Cities Going Green: A Handbook of Best Practices, Mc Farmland and Company, Inc. Publishers, Carolina, USA.
-Lehman, M. et al, 2007, Healthy & Walk able Communities, State University, USA.
-PITF, 1994, Pedestrian Safety and Access, the Greenery Collaborative, INC. Michigan.
-Shamsuddin, Sh, 2012, Walk able Environment in Increasing the Live ability of a City, Kuala Lumpur University journal Vol.44. Malaysia.
-Shimitz and Scully, 2006, Creating Walk able Places: Compact Mixed –Use Solutions, ULI- The Urban Land Institute, Washington DC.
-Steve, A. 2005, Walk for Your Life Walkabiltity, scooping paper. New Zealand
-Susan, Abed-Hassan, 2010, The Effect of Pedestrian Axes in Providing Comfortable Environment for Human,(Athar Tasmem Turuq Al-Mushat fe Tawfeer Beaa Muriha L-Al-isan)[Arabic] ,Journal of The Planner and Development, No,22.
-Talen,E and Koschinsky,J.2013, The Walk able Neighborhoods, College of Health & Human Performance, East Carolina University.
You are free to use the work, but you have to attribute (refer to) the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN grants you the right to publish the metadata of the journal, it's issues and articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Author(s) hold the copyright of their aricles without restrictions. However, IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN holds publishing rights for articles and their revisions once the article is published.
Authors can archive pre-prints (ie pre-refereeing) and post-prints (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) versions of the work they submitted to IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN using non-for-profit open-access servers whether on author's personal website and/or institutional repositories including the university or research center where the author work.. For post-prints, only the IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s as-published PDF version is permitted and the published source (IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s website) must be clearly acknowledged within the archiving webpage.