Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential Complexes Case Study Erbil

Case Study Erbil

  • Sana Sati Abbas
  • Asmaa Omar Al.Talib
Keywords: planning, dimensions, pedestrian friendly, environment characteristics, pedestrian friendly environment treatments, residential complexes


This paper studies the concept of Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential complexes. It's defined it as (an environment that posses number of design and social characteristics, such as safety, vitality, connected and accessible. Also interesting, comfortable, through good design of pedestrian axes, mixed use and sustainable transportation. The research problem is that (there is a knowledge gap about the characteristics of this environment, and its treatment in residential complexes locally .The research hypothesis is that (The Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential complexes materialized through, planning dimensions, design and environmental characteristics and treatments). The paper found that the aim of pedestrian friendly environment is to improve the body activities, increase the quality of space and the social interaction, materialized the sustainable transportation. The planning dimensions were the intense mixed use, and the design of pedestrian axes. The main design characteristics were accessibility, vitality, permeability and safety. And finally providing   shads as environmental treatment.


Download data is not yet available.


-Abramson ,E, 2006,City of Louisville, Institute of Public Administration ,Kentuck, USA 1

- Burden, D. & Lit man, T. 2011, America needs complete streets, ITE Journal, 81(4),USA

-Cambra,P,2012, Pedestrian Accessibility and Attractiveness Indicators for Walkability Assessment, Institute Superior Tecninco, Lisboan.

-Davies, 2000, Operational Definitions of Walk able Neighborhood, Theoretical and Empirical Insight, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol.3 , Malaysia.

-Department of Urban Planning /Erbil (Qisim Al- Takhtit Al- Omrani/ Erbil) [Arabic].

-Fraizer, 2002, Getting to Smart Growth, International City/County Management Association, USA. -7

-Julio A. Soria-Lara ,2009, Pedestrian Mobility Environment, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Ruben Talavera-Garcia University of Granada.

-Kemp, 2011, Cities Going Green: A Handbook of Best Practices, Mc Farmland and Company, Inc. Publishers, Carolina, USA.

-Lehman, M. et al, 2007, Healthy & Walk able Communities, State University, USA.

-PITF, 1994, Pedestrian Safety and Access, the Greenery Collaborative, INC. Michigan.

-Shamsuddin, Sh, 2012, Walk able Environment in Increasing the Live ability of a City, Kuala Lumpur University journal Vol.44. Malaysia.

-Shimitz and Scully, 2006, Creating Walk able Places: Compact Mixed –Use Solutions, ULI- The Urban Land Institute, Washington DC.

-Steve, A. 2005, Walk for Your Life Walkabiltity, scooping paper. New Zealand

-Susan, Abed-Hassan, 2010, The Effect of Pedestrian Axes in Providing Comfortable Environment for Human,(Athar Tasmem Turuq Al-Mushat fe Tawfeer Beaa Muriha L-Al-isan)[Arabic] ,Journal of The Planner and Development, No,22.

-Talen,E and Koschinsky,J.2013, The Walk able Neighborhoods, College of Health & Human Performance, East Carolina University.

How to Cite
Abbas, S. S. and Al.Talib, A. O. (2018) “Pedestrian Friendly Environment in Residential Complexes Case Study Erbil”, Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning, 17(1). doi: 10.36041/iqjap.v17i1.128.
Urban Design

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>