Iraqi Journal of Architecture & Planning <p><strong>The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning (IQJAP)</strong>, <strong>ISSN </strong>(Paper:2617-9547 , Online: 2617-9555), abbreviated as&nbsp;<strong> <em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT PLANN</em></strong>, is a biannually published applied/natural science peer-reviewed journal with interdisciplinary activity&nbsp; published by the <a title="University of Technology, Baghdad" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>University of Technology, Baghdad</strong></a> and managed by the <a title="Department of Architectural Engineering" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Department of Architectural Engineering</strong></a>. The journal has been publishing since 2001 with the aim of making significant contributions to applied research and knowledge across the globe, especially Iraq and the Middle East, through publication of original, high-quality research articles in the following fields:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Architecture</li> <li class="show">Architectural Engineering</li> <li class="show">Architectural History</li> <li class="show">Architectural Sciences &amp; Technology</li> <li class="show">Environmental Design</li> <li class="show">Interior Architecture</li> <li class="show">Landscape Architecture</li> <li class="show">Real Estate Development</li> <li class="show">Urban &amp; Regional Planning</li> </ul> <p>The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning publishes Arabic and English research articles, review articles, conference papers, and perspective/commentary articles, thereby providing a forum for reports and discussions on innovative perspectives in science. All submitted papers are subjected to strict double blind peer reviewing process. The Journal is committed to publishing manuscripts via a rapid, impartial, and rigorous review process. Once accepted, manuscripts are granted free online open-access immediately upon publication, which permits its users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts, thus facilitating access to a broad readership.</p> University of Technology, Baghdad en-US Iraqi Journal of Architecture & Planning 2617-9547 <p>You are free to use the work, but you have to attribute (refer to) the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).</p> <p><em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT &amp; PLANN</em> grants you the right to publish the metadata of the journal, it's issues and articles under the terms of the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p>Author(s) hold the copyright of their aricles without restrictions. However, <em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT &amp; PLANN</em> holds publishing rights for articles and their revisions once the article is published.</p> <p>Authors can archive pre-prints (ie pre-refereeing) and post-prints (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) versions of the work they submitted to <em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT &amp; PLANN</em> using non-for-profit open-access servers whether on author's personal website and/or institutional repositories including the university or research center where the author work.. For post-prints, only the <em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT &amp; PLANN</em>’s as-published PDF version is permitted and the published source (<em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT &amp; PLANN</em>’s website) must be clearly acknowledged within the archiving webpage.</p> Virtues of al-Farabi in the transformation of the city <p><strong>The individual is the basis of the emergence of cities, through which the emergence of multiple cities differed in terms of location, history and population, but did not remain in the structure of the initial list until our present time without the transformation and change in the structure of the city and by its various functions such as housing and shopping and other services, whether the social aspect or Economic, political or religious, and therefore we find that the emergence of any architectural model in the city is linked to the individual and society through them are identified the nucleus of the first models and then changes to architectural models influenced by the changing social needs as a result of the spatial and temporal action of the era, Research problem "The role of the changing social needs that led to the transformation of the market model of the historic city of Baghdad." The aim of the research was to "demonstrate the impact of the social needs of the individual on the transformation of the pattern of basic formations in architectural models (markets) in the historic city of Baghdad." The research was based on an inductive analytical approach to a common reading between the virtues of al-Farabi and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. It was based on the stages of the emergence of models of the traditional markets of Baghdad as a case study through which the vocabulary of the theoretical framework is applied in order to study the extent of the individual's interaction with the changing social variables spatially and temporally, and the reflection on the individual's profession in the city and its practice through the professional ethics of the work that is embodied in the city market.</strong></p> Ibrahim Jawad Al-Yousif Mustafa Kamil Kadhim Kadhim Sura Kassim Ameen Ameen Copyright (c) 2019 Ibrahim Jawad Al-Yousif, Mustafa Kamil Kadhim Kadhim, Sura Kassim Ameen Ameen 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 15 1 1 12 Formal characteristics of portable emergency shelters <p><strong>Wars and natural disasters have long been a threat to human life in many ways, including the destruction and loss of housing and other buildings, which made it necessary to develop rapid shelter plans to reduce the disaster. Plans to rebuild affected areas often take a long time, forcing those affected to take temporary solutions without regard to utility and durability. The shelters were designed in different types according to need. The previous knowledge dealt with a variety of species that could be categorized into simple and complex shelters. The first included shelters that could be carried by humans and the other carried by different means of transportation. The materials used in manufacturing, It has a portable shelter such as flexibility, the possibility of integration and rigging of the structure, adaptation, self-sufficiency and other characteristics. The research problem was focused on "the cognitive need to explore the formal characteristics of portable emergency shelters". The aim of the research is to identify the formal characteristics of the portable shelter that distinguish it from other types of portable architecture. It ensures the efficiency and durability of the shelter in performing its functions . This requires a three-stage approach. The first is to construct a theoretical framework on the morphological properties of the portable shelter and to explore the nature of the vocabulary and indicators of the formal characteristics of portable shelters. These include visual properties, dimension characteristics, description and analysis of two-dimensional surfaces, three-dimensional building block Design). The second is to examine these vocabulary within selected samples, and thirdly to discuss the results and conclusions that thus reinforce the theoretical framework of the vocabulary.</strong></p> Assmaa Muhammed Al-muqramm Zaineb Saad Mahdi Mahdi Copyright (c) 2019 Assmaa Muhammed Al-muqramm, Zaineb Saad Mahdi Mahdi 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 15 1 13 28 Methodology of evolutionary selection in energy efficient architecture <p><strong>The growing demand to energy impacted negatively on environment as result of burning fossil fuel, and because buildings are main energy consumer, studies have been called towards creating efficient buildings, In which digital simulation technology, presented with designer to select efficient design solutions, which is uneasy task, due to the large number of models to be evaluated by simulation, consuming time and effort, due to large number of design variables interacting and conflicting in influence. Limiting the effectiveness of (traditional computer simulation approach). And Emersion (genetic algorithm approach) as an effective alternative to assess and optimize design, by automated steps for exchanging design variables between efficient models and produce more efficient new models, away similar to genetic evolution of organisms. But, lake of what and how to adopting this approach limited its use in local architectural researches and practices, Highlighting a problem: "Lack of cognitive clarity about the genetic algorithms approach in creating high-efficiency domestic compared to traditional approach”, aiming to “determining the nature of the genetic algorithm approach and its application to create accurate and high efficiency domestic designs in less time and effort comparing to the traditional approach”. Research methodology was reviewing genetic algorithm mechanism in solving design problems, making a comparison between traditional simulation approach and genetic algorithm approach on virtual model within local environment, determining the most efficient approach which balances characteristics (windows to wall ratio) and (perfect orientation) to provide the highest rates of natural lighting with minimum solar thermal gain, as well as the time it takes to complete the work according to each of the two approaches. Reaching a number of conclusions about effectiveness to adopt genetic algorithm approach in terms of time reduction and results accuracy compared to the traditional approach.</strong></p> Younis Mahmoud M.Saleem Saleem Mohammed Hussein Salih Salih Copyright (c) 2019 Younis Mahmoud M.Saleem Saleem, Mohammed Hussein Salih Salih 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 15 1 29 43 Desire and need in architecture <p>Human beings are fundamentally linked to a process of instinct that can make it<br />into a process of research and generation until it becomes sufficient, and then it is<br />renewed in space and another field, and then the process continues without a specific<br />goal. The previous operations are centered on two poles: desire and need for<br />architecture, , As well as the impact of human desire in architecture, they are in a wide<br />space can not be easily understood.<br />The purpose of this research is to identify and integrate this process within the<br />framework of architecture and be specific to reach a goal that satisfies the two<br />processes. Hence, the research problem of (limits of understanding of dialogue of desire<br />and need in architecture) Of the tests and analysis of the results collected. The research<br />found that the architecture seeks to balance the processes of need and desire of the<br />recipient and the user, thus balancing the dual self and the subject in architecture, in<br />which the state of stability can be reached in thought and action.</p> Ibrahim Jawad Kadhim Ahmed Abed Jalowb Copyright (c) 2019 Ibrahim Jawad Kadhim, Ahmed Abed Jalowb 2018-12-15 2018-12-15 15 1 Ethic imagination in architecture <p>Research examines the concept of ethical imagination as one of the influential<br />concepts in the architectural design process. Who is known as "the Architect's<br />ability to think according to moral frameworks to become an important source<br />and then to be the task of balancing the poetic and the disciplined imagination<br />to produce an ethical architectural text that benefits the individual and society.<br />", thus be the research problem (implications of morally imaginative concept<br />in architecture ).So the research aims to explain the basics of moral fiction in<br />architecture, and we are on it. Research assumes that the foundations of moral<br />fiction have an impact on the formulation of the architectural product . For the<br />purpose of addressing the research issue and achieving the objectives of<br />research and verification of its hypothesis, a knowledge framework was first<br />built .Then a comprehensive theoretical framework for the imagination of the<br />moral architecture extracted from the architectural propositions to be finalized<br />in three main indicators is. Principles of moral constructional imagination, the<br />foundations of moral and ethical imagination, moral logic of the Moral<br />imagination architecture. Then apply them to elected projects to illustrate their<br />impact on the architectural output and to arrive at conclusions that show the<br />architectural imagination according its basics</p> Abdullah Saadoon Salman Al-Maamouri Tuqa Mahmood Hameed Copyright (c) 2019 Abdullah Saadoon Salman Al-Maamouri, Tuqa Mahmood Hameed 2018-12-15 2018-12-15 15 1