Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning 2019-11-13T09:09:51+00:00 Hussaen A. H. Kahachi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning (IQJAP)</strong>, <strong>ISSN </strong>(Paper:2617-9547 , Online: 2617-9555), abbreviated as&nbsp;<strong> <em>IRAQI J. ARCHIT PLANN</em></strong>, is a biannually published applied/natural science peer-reviewed journal with interdisciplinary activity&nbsp; published by the <a title="University of Technology, Baghdad" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>University of Technology, Baghdad</strong></a> and managed by the <a title="Department of Architectural Engineering" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Department of Architectural Engineering</strong></a>. The journal has been publishing since 2001 with the aim of making significant contributions to applied research and knowledge across the globe, especially Iraq and the Middle East, through publication of original, high-quality research articles in the following fields:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Architectural Engineering</li> <li class="show">Architectural History</li> <li class="show">Environmental and Sustainable Design</li> <li class="show">General Architecture: Design, Theory, Methods</li> <li class="show">Historic Preservation and Conservation</li> <li class="show">Interior Architecture</li> <li class="show">Industrial Design</li> <li class="show">Landscape Architecture</li> <li class="show">Urban Design</li> <li class="show">Urban and Regional Planning</li> </ul> <p>The Iraqi Journal of Architecture and Planning publishes Arabic and English research articles, review articles, conference papers, and perspective/commentary articles, thereby providing a forum for reports and discussions on innovative perspectives in science. All submitted papers are subjected to strict double blind peer reviewing process. The Journal is committed to publishing manuscripts via a rapid, impartial, and rigorous review process. Once accepted, manuscripts are granted free online open-access immediately upon publication, which permits its users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts, thus facilitating access to a broad readership.</p> Design Requirement for Contextual Integration for Trainstations 2019-11-13T09:09:51+00:00 Ammar Kareem Dhumad Alfatlawi Abdullah Saadoon Salman Almaamouri <p>The buildings of the railway stations are one of the important buildings that distinguish the cities and give them their identity and their special character through their association with the memory of the society that contains them. The importance of these centers as commercial and cultural centers, as well as their main function in transporting passengers and goods, To the atrophy of its effectiveness, so it must be protected and developed to contribute effectively in the performance of its diverse activities in an integrated manner and to serve the community at various levels and encourage the use of public transport. Therefore, many studies dealing with the concept of contextual integration of train stations have been discussed in an implicit or major manner. However, these studies were characterized by selectivity and lack of comprehensiveness in the treatments, especially with respect to the aspects of the contextual integration of the station in terms of design. Thus, the research problem was identified "the need to create a comprehensive theoretical view of the concept of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations " was identified. The aim of the research is to "crystallize a comprehensive theoretical conception of the aspects of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations".</p> 2019-11-13T09:04:32+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Ammar Kareem Dhumad Alfatlawi, Abdullah Saadoon Salman Almaamouri The Ethics of Architectural Education in Academic Institutions 2019-11-11T05:53:41+00:00 Abdullah Saadoon Salman Almaamouri <p>The research deals with the concept of moral education as one of the most influential concepts in the process of teaching the foundations of architectural design. It defines it as "an integrated educational program organized according to the highest moral values ​​within an academic institution concerned with architecture. Its program consists of three main elements: Educational and assessment tools and assessment, and requires reliability and quality Crickshten for the maintenance of architecture as a profession to the level of comprehensive or partial reform, which requires professors to perpetuate the modernization of methods of moral architectural education as well as the development, resulting in innovative architectural texts Individual and society", thus research problem is in the (development of a comprehensive theoretical perception about the ethics of education architecture). Therefore, the research aims at clarifying the strategy of the moral education of architecture as well as its foundations and the methods of evaluating its quality. Accordingly, the research assumes that the indicators of the ethics of architectural education have a positive effect in the formulation of creative architectural productions. In order to address the research issue and achieve the objectives of the research and validation of the hypothesis was first built knowledge framework, and then a comprehensive theoretical framework of the ethics of architectural education derived from the architectural ideas and support to be embodied in final form in three main indicators, namely: the strategy of moral education for architecture, and the foundations of moral education of architecture, And then an exploratory study evaluating the quality of education and its ethics in the Department of Architecture / University of Technology. Finally, a set of conclusions were reached which show the control of the practice of architectural education according to all its indicators Creative abstraction.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Education, Ethics, moral education, architecture</p> 2019-10-24T06:09:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Abdullah Saadoon Salman Al-Maamouri Role of Technology Utilization Reviving Al-Ukhaidir 2019-11-11T05:53:40+00:00 Mahdi Saleh AL-Ataabi Karrer Nadhim AL-Shahmanie <p>The monuments are considered as evidence, landmarks and important memory for events that associated with characteristics. It also represents a civilized, cultural and economic wealth accumulated through ages. Heritage has two main aspects; physical and moral. Recently, considerable efforts have been devoted to conserve many heritage buildings that have historic values so as to restore them. This restoration can reinforce the links between those ancient buildings and their environment.</p> <p>There is a lack of enough knowledge about the concept of the utilization of new technological advancements and its impact on the reuse of historical buildings with symbolic value. To address this issue, this research presents a detailed investigation about the relationship between the two concepts in order to arrive to the best strategies for reviving. Such strategies will be applied on Al-Ukhaidir fortress. This was achieved by analyzing and evaluating previous studies where the reviving strategies were applied.&nbsp; This research will present a brief review for theses studies and the main derived conclusions as well as special recommendations for activation of the Al-Ukhaidir through selected techniques (strategies).</p> 2019-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Mahdi Saleh A.H. AL-Ataabi, Karrer Nadhim AL-Shahmanie Residential Neighborhood Development 2019-10-30T08:49:25+00:00 Riyadh Fikret Najati Sanaa Sati Abbas <p>development and such as the problem of research, where the goal of the research to build a theoretical framework to fill this gap. The research hypothesis that the development of the residential neighborhood is achieved through (integration of the social, economic and environmental aspects associated with the values and principles of sustainable neighborhood). The research relied on an analytical descriptive method in the description and analysis of selected samples namely , and was the criterion of choice based on principles of sustainable residential neighborhoods in contemporary trends .</p> <p>The research concluded that the residential neighborhood based on the principles of development distinct , by achieving social, economic, environment aspects, as well as the urban design and planning values. The sustainable residential neighborhood pattern emphasizes regional development considerations, and principles that define sustainable features including compactness, mixed use, connectivity, pedestrian oriented built form, , vital public realm, and regulation of the relationship with transit transport.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Riyadh Fikret Najati Constraints of Green Buildings in Iraqi Cities 2019-10-30T08:49:23+00:00 Nabil Taha Ismaeel AbdulHussain Ali Hussain <p>The construction and buildings&nbsp;sector are one of the most energy-consuming sectors, accounting for one-third of the world's total energy consumption and one-third of the world's CO<sub>2</sub> emissions, this leads to environmental, health and psychological damages for humans and society, with an increase in other urban problems in city. This is result of reliance on fossil fuels, construction materials and excessive consumption of natural resources that cause an increase in greenhouse gas emissions.</p> <p>Concept of green buildings has emerged with sustainable trends in fields of architecture and urban planning. It is considered an integrated architecture with environment and nature. It reduces pollution rate&nbsp;to 1/6 of world's CO<sub>2</sub> emissions. It provides a safe, comfortable and healthy environment for human and reduces the consumption and preservation of natural resources, for future generations by recycling waste, wastewater, roofs and green facades, and use of suitable building materials with the environment, as well as integrated design with buildings and urban context in terms of formation and direction&nbsp;of buildings and use of sustainable building materials and use of renewable energy and others.</p> <p>The climate in Iraq, especially in summer, is characterized by high temperatures. It is more than 50 °c, with winter temperatures dropping and uneven significantly between summer and winter, so we need buildings that consider the requirements of human thermal comfort, reduce energy consumption and natural resources, and provide a healthy and psychological environment, to reduces emissions harmful to environment.</p> <p>There are many obstacles to establishment of green buildings in Iraqi cities, most important of which are laws and legislation that require its legislation to suit technological advances in architecture, as well as technical, and social constraints and others.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Nabil Taha Ismaeel and AbdulHussain Ali Hussain