Urban Resilience and City Infrastructure
The casestudy of the city of Baghdad
This paper aims to study urban resilience as an adaptive system in a complex dynamic world along with its ability to comprehend disorder, change and reorganization to conserve identity. Urban resilience can be understood through the interrelationship between people and nature as a source-ecological system. The case study is represented by analyzing (Edlayd City in Australia) in depending on resilience advantages in which optimized by a renewable resource, zero carbon, equity in distributing energy, active environment, sustainable transportation and investing natural materials. Hence, these advantages have been applied on (Al-Karkh Haifa Street) in Baghdad in order to develop its infrastructure by employing renewable resources such as energy, sustainable transportation, refuge recycling, water system and submit suitable solutions for sewage water.
Adger, W. N. (2000). Social and ecological resilience: Are they related? Progress in Human Geography, 24 (3), Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK.
A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation [Internet]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press (accessed 14 October (2009).
Al-Alousi's, "The Study of the Basic Plan of the Old Karkh Region in Baghdad", Baghdad, Iraq, 1983.
Alberti, M., Marzluff, J. M., Shulenberger, E., Bradley, G., Ryan, C., & Zumbrunnen, C. (2003). Integrating humans into ecology: Opportunities and challenges for studying urban ecosystems. Bioscience, 53 (12).
Arthur. Economics (2003): “Principles in action. Upper Saddle River”, New, 14-^ Sullivan Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-063085-3.
Australian Bureau of Statistics “Regional Population Growth”, Australia –( 2008).
Bashir, d. Fathi, "Architecture and Climate Change", a book published in the publications of the Rabat National University, Khartoum, 2013.
Beatley T. “Native to Nowhere”, Sustaining Home And Community In A Global Age, Island Press, Washington, DC, (2005).
Brand, F. S. & Jax, K. "Focusing the Meaning(s) of Resilience: “Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object". Ecology and Society, 12 (1).
Brunet, M., And P. Jones, (2011): Data rescue initiatives: Bringing historical climate data into the 21st century. Clim. Res, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK.
Carmin, J., Nadkarni, N., & Rhie, C. (2012). Progress and challenges in urban climate adaptation planning: Results of a global survey. Massachusetts Cambridge, MA,USA.
City of Malmö (2005) ‘Sustainable city of tomorrow:Bo01- Experiences of a Swedish, Housing Exposition (Stockholm: Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2005.
Climate Change (2013):IPCC, The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Fulmer, Jeffrey (2009). "What in the world is infrastructure?". PEI Infrastructure Investor (July/August),City Kansas, Kansas.
Holling, C.S. (1996) Engineering Resilience versus Ecological Resilience. In: Schulze, P.E., Ed., Engineering within Ecological Constraints, National Academy Press, Washington DC.
Lerch D, (2007),“Post Carbon Cities: Planning for Energy and Climate Uncertainty” ,Post Carbon Press, Portland, Oregon.
Müller, B. , “Urban and Regional Resilience: A New Catchword or a Consistent Concept for Research and Practice? In Müller, B. (Ed.), German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy .Berlin Heidelberg: Springer – Verlag, 2010,
Newman P, Beatley T and Boyer H (2008) Resilient Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Newman P and Jennings I, (2008), “Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems”. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Karol Yañez, (2012), “Visions of a resilient city”, Editor: Jo da Silva, Elizabeth Parker, A systems approach to meeting the challenges of urban climate change’. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. November 2012.
Sawin JL and Hughes K (2007), Energizing cities. In State of the World, World watch Institute, Washington, DC.
Resilience Alliance, “A Research Prospectus for Urban Resilience”, A Resilience Alliance Initiative for Transitioning Urban Systems towards Sustainable Futures,2007, Retrieved from http://www.resalliance.org/1610.php. Accessed on June 13,2010.
Scheurer J and Newman P (2008) Vauban: A Case Study in Public Community Partnerships. UN–Habitat Global Review of Human Settlements, Nairobi, Kenya.
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) , http://www.oecd.org/ 2016.
United Nations General Assembly Outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements and Sustainable Urban Development, 2016.
United Nations Human Settlements Program, Global Report on Human Settlements, Cities and Climate Change,. 2011.
Walker B and Salt D, (2006), “Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World”. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Went A, James W and Newman P, (2008), ‘Renewable transport: How renewable energy and electric vehicles using vehicle to grid technology can make carbon free urban development’. CUSP discussion paper 2008/1, Fremantle Western Australia.
Wieland, A. & Wallenburg, C.M. (2013): “The Influence of Relational Competencies on Supply Chain Resilience: A Relational View”. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 43, No. 4.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sana’ Sati’ Abbas, Sura Kassim Ameen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
You are free to use the work, but you have to attribute (refer to) the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN grants you the right to publish the metadata of the journal, it's issues and articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Author(s) hold the copyright of their aricles without restrictions. However, IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN holds publishing rights for articles and their revisions once the article is published.
Authors can archive pre-prints (ie pre-refereeing) and post-prints (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) versions of the work they submitted to IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN using non-for-profit open-access servers whether on author's personal website and/or institutional repositories including the university or research center where the author work.. For post-prints, only the IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s as-published PDF version is permitted and the published source (IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s website) must be clearly acknowledged within the archiving webpage.