Design Requirement for Contextual Integration for Trainstations
Iraqi stations as a model
The buildings of the railway stations are one of the important buildings that distinguish the cities and give them their identity and their special character through their association with the memory of the society that contains them. The importance of these centers as commercial and cultural centers, as well as their main function in transporting passengers and goods, To the atrophy of its effectiveness, so it must be protected and developed to contribute effectively in the performance of its diverse activities in an integrated manner and to serve the community at various levels and encourage the use of public transport. Therefore, many studies dealing with the concept of contextual integration of train stations have been discussed in an implicit or major manner. However, these studies were characterized by selectivity and lack of comprehensiveness in the treatments, especially with respect to the aspects of the contextual integration of the station in terms of design. Thus, the research problem was identified "the need to create a comprehensive theoretical view of the concept of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations " was identified. The aim of the research is to "crystallize a comprehensive theoretical conception of the aspects of contextual integration in the design of attractive local train stations".
Alftlawi, Ammar kareem, "Takamal almanthoomaat altsmemea fi ammart mahatat alqtarat", rasalt magester, qasm handst alamara, algamaa altacnologea, Baghdad, 2019.
Alsharaka alaama lalsakak alhadedya, shaabt altasameem . 2019.
Akabal, F. M., Masirin, M. I. H. M., Akasah, Z. A., & Rohani, M. M.. "Review on selection and suitability of rail transit station design pertaining to public safety". In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 226, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing,2017.
Ali, M. M. and Armstrong, P. J. (2007). “Strategies for integrated design of sustainable tall buildings”. University of Illinois.
Burden, E. E., & Hill , M. (2001). illustrated dictionary of architecture . Professional; 2 edition.
Bayman, G, " Engineering Standard Stations and Buildings Station Design Standard Requirements", 2010.
Çizgen, G. (2012). Rethinking the role of context and contextualism in architecture and design (Doctoral dissertation, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU)).
Edwards, B, "Sustainability and the design of transportation interchanges",
John Wiley & Sons, London, UK. 2011.
Edwards, B," The modern station: new approaches to railway architecture", Taylor & Francis, 1997.
EDSA, " Station Design Guidelines", South Florida East Coast Corridor (SFECC)
Transit Analysis, 2014.
Ito, Kuniaki, and Masatsugu Chiba. "Railway stations and local communities in Japan", Japan Railway & Transport Review 28 (2001): 4-17.
Magam almaany algama.
Queensland Trans Link Transit Authority (QTTA), "Public Transport Infrastructure Manual", Transport and Main Roads Department, Queensland Government, Australia, 2012.
Richards, Jeffrey, and John M. MacKenzie. "The Railway Station: a social history", Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Radab Ahmad Mahmood, ibraheem jwad al-yousef , " alabnya almadarya aldakya- darast athar altakamal albeay altaqany fy taqlel kalft almabna alaqtasadea w albeeya, almagala alaraqea lalhandasa almamarea, 5(16-17-18) (2009): 104-128.
Rail, N, "Guide to Station Planning and Design", Issue, 1, 1-110, 2011.
Rush, R.D., "The Building Integration handbook", The American Institute of Architects, 1986.
Skinner, P., & Maher, R, "The public face of rail: Australian station design guidelines", 2013.
Shweta, Satish, C, P," Architectural Perception for Redevelopment of Railway Termini", Published by Research Trend, Website: www.researchtrend.net , 2017.
Sanghvi, N, " Context in Architecture", International Journal on Emerging Technologies 8(1): 76-79(2017).
Transport, A, " Auckland Transport Code of Practice ", 2013.https://ar.wikipedia.org
Copyright (c) 2019 Ammar Kareem Dhumad Alfatlawi, Abdullah Saadoon Salman Almaamouri
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
You are free to use the work, but you have to attribute (refer to) the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN grants you the right to publish the metadata of the journal, it's issues and articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Author(s) hold the copyright of their aricles without restrictions. However, IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN holds publishing rights for articles and their revisions once the article is published.
Authors can archive pre-prints (ie pre-refereeing) and post-prints (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) versions of the work they submitted to IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN using non-for-profit open-access servers whether on author's personal website and/or institutional repositories including the university or research center where the author work.. For post-prints, only the IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s as-published PDF version is permitted and the published source (IRAQI J. ARCHIT & PLANN’s website) must be clearly acknowledged within the archiving webpage.