Secure architectural design of commercial buildings

  • Tuqa Mahmood Hameed
  • Abdullah Saadoon Al-Maamouri


The study deals with the concept of security as one of the concepts that affect the
process of architectural design. Despite the development of architecture, one of
its main objectives remains that the buildings are general and commercial,
especially safe, regardless of the degree of urbanization or simplicity of the
building, especially in view of the increasing threat of terrorist and criminal
threats, Especially when human threats are common and are practiced for various
reasons in the 21st century. The research problem is thus (the emergence of the
cognitive need to study the safe design of human threats to commercial shopping
centers). The research aims to clarify the principles of architectural design safe
from human threats, as well as to know the impact of urban and architectural
characteristics on the level of security of shopping malls commercial fortified,
and accordingly the research assumes that the dimensions of safe design has a
positive impact in the sustainability of shopping malls. In order to address the
research problem and achieve the objectives of the research and validation of the
hypothesis was first built knowledge framework, and then a comprehensive
theoretical framework for safe design in shopping centers extracted from the
architectural proposals to reflect the final version in three main dimensions,
namely: principles of safe design of the criminal act and mechanisms, and
principles of safe design Of the terrorist act and its mechanisms, and the urban
and architectural characteristics affecting security. The first is to control the
security design process according to all of its indicators. The second is the
difference in the design indicators according to the nature of the threat, but they
are integrated together in order to achieve security for the shopping centers and
the safety of the pioneers .


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How to Cite
Hameed, T. M. and Al-Maamouri, A. S. (2018) “Secure architectural design of commercial buildings”, Iraqi Journal of Architecture & Planning, 14(2). Available at: (Accessed: 26May2019).