Effectiveness of Sustainable Urban Projects in the city of Baghdad
A comparative study of sustainable development projects in Adhamiya and KadhimiyaDistrict
This research comes in an attempt to evaluate and compare between the efficiency of a selected sustainable urban projects from Baghdad city (Al Adhamiya and Al Kadhimiya areas) through applying the criteria ofurban sustainability and compared using SWOT analyses model(represents one strong word: S = strengths, W = weaknesses, O = opportunities, T = threats.), this done by examine the most important strategies which targeted to extrapolate the urban form as a vital sustainable structure, and has become a standard which could measure and evaluate the impact of the application for sustainable criteria. These strategies know as Smart Growth Strategies which include, Development, Design, Transportation, Open & Natural Space Protection, Open Space Creation, Sense of Place, and Urban Community Strategies. Here this search tries to extract the most local standards that consistent with the nature and environment of sustainable urban Iraqi projects in general and Baghdad in particular by reviewing the Smart Growth principles and strategies. However, the aim is to determine the effectiveness and the successfulness of the adopted urban projects in Baghdad in applying the urban sustainability criteria in the one hand, and to extract the most important positive points which serve the local environment and utilize them to establish the foundations for possible urban standards adopted in the evaluation of sustainable urban future projects on the others.
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Resource: the researchers
Environmental results Negative factors Positive factors
1 The project has adopted the economic factorand neglectedthe socialfactor.
Lack of development of the riverbank 1. Mixed land uses were preparedin the project's plans.
The plan soughtfor the development ofresidentialareasand services.
Attention was takentopedestrian movementareas.
Achieve completions of the urban fabric of the project.
3 Thestudyarea wasn't linkedwithneighborhoods
Lack of access to the Tigris River.
Thedesignmaintainedonly4.4% ofthehousing oldfabric.
There is nomechanismto connectwithcity servicesnetwork.
lack of implementation with the cost allocations of investment
Thestudyareawas linked withthepublictransportationnetworkof the city.
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