Urban Integration of Historic Centers
Historic centers are considered one of the tangible forms of civilization in terms of depicting the extensions of the past. They form one of the intensively proposed controversies in the modern field in regard to the possibility of dealing with them, the objectives of development and conserving them as they represent the merge of the old and the new. This is manifested in the merger of contradictions and the changing value resulting from urban interference in order to link the historic centers with other parts of the city through linear streets that penetrate its urban structure and divide its urban texture, causing a common problem for most Islamic Arab historic centers.
Throsby, D. 1999. Cultural Capital and Sustainability Concepts in the Economics of Cultural Heritage… Document prepared for the Project Economics of Cultural Heritage, Getty Conservation Institute. Los Angeles, p27
Feilden, B.M "The Conservation of Historical Buildings and Sites", London, Butternorth, 1979, p54.
Ibid, David Throsby, 1999, p28.
Nigel Harris & Ida Bricius (1996), "Cities and Structural Adjustment", University College London, UCL Press Limited, p48.
Hillier, B&Penn, A. (1993) "Natural Movement" or Configuration and Attraction in Urban Pedestrian Movement; Environment and Planning, Vol. 20, p29.
Lynch, K., (1962), " site planning", Cambridge The MIT Press, p86.
Al-Omari, Hafsa, 1998, "The Holy Quran; the Key of Scientific Research for the Science of Architecture and Its Theories", a research submitted to the First Architectural Conference of the Jordanian Engineer's Association, Amman, Jordan, P. 53.Arabic Edition.
The Conference on the Preservation, John Warren, Conservation of the City of Baghdad Heritage of Islamic Cities, April, 1985, Istanbul, P 26.
Weinberg, Gerald M "An Introduction to General System Thinking", 1975, Intrasigence Publication John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA, P23.
Antoniades, Anthony C., 1990, "Poetic of Architecture: Theory of Design", Van No Strand Reinhold, N.Y. USA, P68.
Mihai Ivan – "Rethinking the Axis: Approaches in the Dment of Communist Initiated/ Uncompleted Architecture in Bucharest". Master Thesis, Institute of Architecture and Urban Planning, Bucharest, 2006, p.12.
Al-Nejaihi, Muhammad Labeeb, Integral Methods in the Secondary School, Kuwaiti Teachers Association, 1979, P.2-Arabic Edition.
Ameen Ahmad, Integration in Islam, Part 1, Al-Marifa Printing and Publishing House, Beirut, 1996, P 94-125.-Arabic Edition.
In 1998, Ken Wilber established a non-profitable institution that adopts setting integral thoughts for solving the increasingly complicated world's problem, which was called the Integral Institution, then the Integral University was established).
Ibid, Rush, 1986, P317
Ibid, Rush, 1986, P381
Ventori, Robert, Complication and Contradiction of Architecture, Translated by SuaadAbd Ali Mahdi, Revised by:IhsanFathi, General Cultural Affairs Department, Ministry of Culture and Information, Baghdad, 1987, P. 226-Arabic Edition.
Bachman, Leonard R "Integrated buildings: the systems basis of architecture", copyright published by John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey 2003, P32-46
Hillier, B. & Hanson, J. 1984, The Social Logic of Space, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, PP149-152
Hillier, B., 1996, "Space in the Machine", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, PP 93-94
Alfa Analysis was used to analyze the urban structure in a distinguished manner, other than analyzing the internal spaces, which is called Gama-Analysis
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